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 Patachitra-the Glorious Art Form Of Odisha 

Date of Publish - Tuesday, 19th December 2017


Pattachitra is one of the most beautiful ancient folk art forms of rural Odisha. Patt is famous for the aesthetic brilliance of the colours used and has its existence from centuries ago. Pattachitras are painted narrative scrolls based on religious, mythological and social motives. Artists who make and present the Patts are variously known as Patuas, Chitrakars and Patikars. The Patuas are not only painters they are actually itinerant singers.

Pattachitras are usually drawn on cloth or earthen pots and take at least 15-20 days to be completed. Previously the painters used bamboo sticks, animal fur tied at the end of the dried twigs or reeds as a brush for painting. Pattachitras are mostly inspired by Lord Jagannatha and the Vaishnava mythology. Patts are amazing representations of the stories of Lord Krishna and Radha and episodes from Ramayana and Mahabharata. In early days, even before the arrival of “Amar Chitra-Katha”, Pattachitras were believed to be the illustrated storybooks of Indian (Bengali) mothers.

Patts was mostly made in two formats one is the horizontal frame and the other is a vertical framework. “KALIGHAT PATT” is one of the most eminent Patts of Bengal and is a huge example of how a rural art form reinvents itself in the urban milieu.

The gorgeous art form was not only limited to Bengal it also influenced the art forms of Odisha. The parts based on the stories of Lord Jagannatha with Subhadra and Balaram are mostly made by the Odissi Patuas. Even best Pattachitra art can be found in the village of Raghurajpur in Odisha.

The government is taking various proactive steps to protect and preserve this glorious ancient art form and to help the artists who never get the proper appreciations for their awesome works. It is also the duty of all the citizens of India to value and preserve these kinds of art forms which are actually on the verge of being lost forever.



Aparajita paul IMIA013


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